Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Op Art, Geometry Online Education

Albrecht Durer: Melencolia I (1514) Female Figure and Golden Rectangles

  Successive Golden Rectangles dividing a Golden Rectangle into squares (logarithmic spiral known as the golden spiral)

Melencolia I by Albrecht Durer
Melencolia I is a 1514 engraving by the German Renaissance master Albrecht Dürer. It is an allegorical composition which has been the subject of many interpretations. The engraving measures 24 x 18.8 cm.

The melancholic temperament is personified by the female figure.
Source: Wikipedia: Melencolia I.

Albrecht Durer
Albrecht Durer (1471 – 1528) was a German painter, printmaker, mathematician, engraver, and theorist from Nuremberg. His prints established his reputation across Europe when he was still in his twenties, and he has been conventionally regarded as the greatest artist of the Northern Renaissance ever since. Source: Wikipedia, Albrecht Durer.

Golden rectangle
A golden rectangle is a rectangle whose side lengths are in the golden ratio, one-to-phi, that is, approximately 1:1.618. A distinctive feature of this shape is that when a square section is removed, the remainder is another golden rectangle, that is, with the same proportions as the first. Square removal can be repeated infinitely, which leads to an approximation of the golden or Fibonacci spiral.


Albrecht Durer: Melencolia I (1514), Female Figure and Golden Rectangles


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