Euclid's Elements Book I, Proposition 4: (Side-Angle-Side SAS) If two triangles have two sides equal to two sides respectively, and have the angles contained by the equal sides also equal, then the two triangles are congruent
Let ABC and DEF be two triangles having the two sides AB and AC equal to the two sides DE and DF respectively,
and the angle BAC equal to the angle EDF. I say that the base BC also
equals the base EF, the triangle ABC equals the triangle DEF, and the
remaining angles equal the remaining angles respectively.
The Elements: Books I-XIII