Black and Violet (1923) by Wassily Kandinsky and the Golden Rectangle
Successive Golden Rectangles dividing a Golden
Rectangle into squares (Black and Violet by Wassily Kandinsky).
(16 December 1866 - 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter, printmaker and art theorist. One of the most famous 20th-century artists, he is credited with painting the first modern abstract works.
Geometric abstract art is a form of abstract art based on the use of
geometric forms sometimes, though not always, placed in
non-illusionistic space and combined into non-objective
Black and Violet
1923; Influenced by Cezanne, Matisse, and the rich, glowing colors of the
Fauves, Kandinsky has been proclaimed a leading figure of
abstract painting and one of the most influential abstract
A golden rectangle
is a rectangle whose side lengths are in the golden ratio,
one-to-phi, that is, approximately 1:1.618. A distinctive
feature of this shape is that when a square section is
removed, the remainder is another golden rectangle, that is,
with the same proportions as the first. Square removal can
be repeated infinitely, which leads to an approximation of
the golden or Fibonacci spiral.