The Elements: Books I-XIII (Barnes & Noble Library of Essential Reading)
by Euclid, Thomas L. Heath (Translator), Andrew Aberdein (Introduction)
(Paperback - Complete and Unabridged)
Euclid's Elements is a fundamental landmark of mathematical achievement.
Firstly, it is a compendium of the principal mathematical work
undertaken in classical Greece, for which in many cases no other source
survives. Secondly, it is a model of organizational clarity which has
had a deep influence on the way almost all subsequent mathematical
research has been conducted. Thirdly, it is the most successful textbook
ever written, only seriously challenged as an account of elementary
geometry in the nineteenth century, more than two thousand years after
its first publication.
Euclid reportedly lived some time between the death of Plato (427-347
BC) and the birth of Archimedes (287-212 BC). He most likely learned
mathematics at Plato's Academy in Athens and taught at Alexandria in
Egypt. Scholars believe Euclid was hired as one of the original faculty
at a school of advanced study, patterned after those in Athens, and
known as the Museum.