**Video
Description**

Benoit Mandelbrot's work has led the
world to a deeper understanding of
fractals, a broad and powerful tool in
the study of roughness, both in nature
and in humanity's works. Session 11:
Simplicity Sat Feb 13, 2010 8:30 –
10:15.

At TED2010, mathematics legend Benoit Mandelbrot develops a theme he first discussed at TED in 1984 -- the extreme complexity of roughness, and the way that fractal math can find order within patterns that seem unknowably complicated.
Source:
TED.com

**
Benoit B Mandelbrot: the man who made geometry an art (1925 - 2010)**

Source Guardian.co.uk by
Jonathan JonesOnArt

Few recent thinkers have woven such a beautiful braid of art and science as Benoit Mandelbrot, who has died aged 85 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Mandelbrot was a provocative mathematician, a subversive geometer. He left a beautiful legacy in visual art, for Mandelbrot was the man who named and explained fractals – those complex, apparently chaotic yet geometrically ordered shapes that delight the eye and fascinate the mind. They are icons of modern understanding of the universe's complexity.

The Mandelbrot set, one of the most famous fractal designs, is named after him. With its fizzing fringe of crystal-like microforms blossoming out of a conjunction of black circles, this fractal pattern looks crazy but is the outcome of geometrical calculations.

Artists have been fascinated by geometry for as long as mathematicians have. The studies of Euclid are reflected in the regularities of classical and Renaissance architecture, from the Pantheon in Rome to the duomo
in Florence. But artists and architects
were also thinking centuries ago about
non-regular, curving geometries.
Mandelbrot was a modern Leonardo, a man who showed the beauty in nature. He was a prophet of the curving universe and gave us, in the endlessly playful geometry of fractals, a visual lexicon for our complex world.

**
Benoit B. Mandelbrot, Yale University**

"Seeks a measure of order in physical, mathematical or social phenomena that are characterized by abundant data but extreme sample variability. The surprising esthetic value of many of his discoveries and their unexpected usefulness in teaching have made him an eloquent spokesman for the "unity of knowing and feeling." Source:
Yale University.

**
Benoit B. Mandelbrot**

Benoît B. Mandelbrot (20 November 1924 – 14 October 2010) was a Franco-American mathematician. Born in Poland, he moved to France with his family when he was a child. Mandelbrot spent much of his life living and working in the United States, acquiring dual French and American citizenship.

Mandelbrot worked on a wide range of mathematical problems, including mathematical physics and quantitative finance, but is best known as the father of fractal geometry. He coined the term fractal and described the Mandelbrot set. Mandelbrot extensively popularized his work, writing books and giving lectures aimed at the general public.
Source:
Wikipedia, Benoit Mandelbrot

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